Computer graphics are pictures and movies created using computers usually referring to image data created by a computer specifically with the help of specialized graphical hardware and software. It is a vast and recent area in science. The phrase was coined by computer graphics researchers: Verne Hudson and William Fetter of Boeing in 1960. Another name for the field is computer-generated image, or simply CGI.
Important topics in computer graphics include user interface design, sprite graphics, vector graphics, 3D modeling and shades, GPU design and computer vision among others. The overall methodology depends heavily on the underlying science of geometry, optics and physics. Computer graphics is responsible for displaying art and image-data effectively and beautifully to the user and processing image – data received from the physical world. The interaction and understanding of computers and interpretation of data has been made easier because of computer graphics. Computer graphic development has had a significant impact on many types of media and has revolutionized animation, movies, advertising, video games, and graphic design generally.
Computer graphics designers use their creativity and technical skills to create graphic designs that represent a design concept. The computer software applications used by computer graphics designer help them create interactive web platforms, computer animation, product packaging, books, magazines, and a variety of other products. Specific career options for a computer graphics designer include animator, computer graphics design instructor, interactive graphics artist and retail display artist.
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